Spaces and Exchanges: definition
This notion deals with the geographical and symbolic areas that all societies occupy and the interactions between men and different societies. Our world is built on the exploration and conquest of new spaces. The different cultural, economic, sociological and language interactions have shaped and characterized our modern-day world.
Examples can be:
– Trade (the basis of all societies)
– Working conditions (telecommuting, internet)
– Globalization (the world has become a small village)
– School and education (social diversity/knowledge) comparison of the different educational systems
– The internet / social networks…
– The movement of people: immigration
– The movement across borders (gap year)
An exchange is the act of giving or receiving something in substitution for something else. In today’s modern-day world these exchanges can take several forms: economic – work exchanges, exchange of goods, trading across borders, cultural – exchange of ideas, information, education, movement of people – immigration, student exchanges, gap years… Our modern-day world is changing quickly and seems to be a smaller place due to improvements in technology and communication. Information exchange has become easier thanks to the internet and international trade has enabled us to expand our markets for goods and services that might not have been available to us. These different cultural, economic, sociological and language interactions have transformed and characterised our modern-day world – sometimes for better, sometimes for worse. We can illustrate this notion with the following examples :
Exchange or movement of money:
– International trade is now much easier thanks to modern communication systems and faster transport. Foreign products are easily available in our supermarkets and on internet. Certain brands are known all over the world. We live in a huge global economy – this is otherwise known as globalisation. The downsides of globalisation: for example child labour, exploitation of people and resources.
Exchange of information and communication:
– One of the major developments in the most recent years is the internet and the different social networks: Facebook, Twitter, Skype…they are changing the way we live and communicate today. These networks make it easier for us to stay in touch with friends and family abroad, they open up borders and enable us to communicate with people abroad. However there are also disadvantages to this fast development of internet: there is a lot of false information available, people can become addicted and spend less time with friends and family, there are other dangers such as bullying , pornography, identity theft….. – School and education – there is more and more social diversity and more knowledge than in the past. Thanks to internet information travels faster than before (but this can sometimes be negative especially when the information is false). We can compare the different educational systems across the world.
Movement of people:
– Immigration: how and why it began? Why did people emigrate to the USA, what is the American Dream… The impact of Mexican-US migration; Cultural interactions: the movement of people across borders
– Gap year, student exchange programs… What is a gap year?
– What impact has the movement of people had on the different countries? Who benefits from these exchanges? What are the new emerging powers?